USGS Water Science Centers are located in each state.
Geochemical and Microbiological Processes that Affect Migration and Natural Attenuation of Chlorinated Solvents in Fractured-Sedimentary Rock — Naval Air Warfare Center (NAWC) Research Site, West Trenton, NJ
Synthesis of rock core VOCs with borehole logging and hydrogeologic framework: J. Contaminant Hydrology article by Goode and others, 2014.
Transmissivity and storage coefficient estimation by slug testing: USGS report by Fiore, 2014.
Carbon isotopes of VOCs, microbial community, and deuterium tracer used to evaluate bioaugmentation in fractured rock: J. Contaminant Hydrology article by Révész and others, 2014.
Biogeochemistry and genetics of acetylene fermentation: Geomicrobiology Journal article by Miller and others, 2013.
In 1993, the U.S. Geological Survey
(USGS) began studies of contamination in fractured-sedimentary bedrock in
cooperation with the U.S. Navy at the former Naval Air Warfare Center (NAWC), West
In 2001, the USGS Toxic Substances Hydrology Program initiated research at
the NAWC to complement and expand the research being conducted on groundwater
flow and contaminant transport in fractured bedrock at its Mirror Lake, New
Hampshire Research Site. The
NAWC site was chosen because the general hydrogeologic framework was well
defined and the site contained extensive contamination over a range of
geochemical conditions. Site groundwater contains volatile organic compounds (VOC's) that include trichloroethene (TCE), cis-1,2-dichloroethene, and vinyl chloride.
The research will provide
understanding of the physical, chemical, and microbial processes that affect the
transport and fate of chlorinated solvents in fractured-sedimentary-rock
aquifers, including the role of dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPL) as a
long-term source. The research also will develop methods for cost-effective
at the site is a multidisciplinary, collaborative effort that presently involves
scientists from the USGS, U.S. Navy, and several academic and private research institutions.