New Jersey Water Science Center
LONG ISLAND-NEW JERSEY NAWQA
USGS IN YOUR STATE
USGS Water Science Centers are located in each state.
Long Island-New Jersey (LINJ) Coastal Drainages Study
FY1997 Workplan—Documenting and Archieving Information
DOCUMENTING AND ARCHIVING INFORMATION
The NJ District has recently purchased a disk management system that provides excellent redundancy and backup capabilities for LINJ. Space and automatic backups are not an anticipated problem. The longer term documentation, however, requires some added planning. To document the planning process, we are thinking strongly of publishing our workplan, which is an evolving document, as an OFR (without budget detail). Most of the LINJ data should be published in the NJ and NY annual data reports. The LINJ homepage is another way we are currently documenting the liaison process and other planning documents and significant correspondence. References to published reports and a list of available GIS coverages could also be made available through the www/homepage. Most of our GIS coverages are part of the District GIS library and we have our own SU directory for coverages specific to the LINJ. Since the NJ District has purchased a WORM drive, we could use it to generate a CD-ROM(s) of all LINJ data, GIS coverages, and appropriate text documents at the end of the HIF to archive all pertinent data for the longer term.
Monitoring Environmental Factors
The major environmental factors that are expected to change over the next decade or two are related to the continual and extensive expansion of the New York City and Philadelphia metropolitan areas. Although population is not growing that fast, there is continual urbanization of agricultural and undeveloped land and movement of people and necessary infrastructure out from the more dense urban areas. The agricultural land that is left in NJ and LI is being used more and more intensely for higher dollar products which require high input of chemicals and water to maintain high productivity and profitability. Land and water resources are consequently going to be more stressed in these future scenarios. It is imperative that data collection and analysis programs keep pace with the information needs of managers and planners. Fortunately, LI and NJ are quite progressive on these issues. This allows the LINJ to acquire and update our land use data, water quality data, and other data on a regular basis. It is our plan to continue to compile and utilize this data as it becomes available.
As an example, in 1996 we were able to obtain and use 1972 GIRAS and 1986 NJDEP ITU land use along with 1992 digital orthophotos quads of our `new urban' GW land use survey to select well locations and then later digitally compile, in a little over a month, existing land use on 500- and 50-meter buffers for all our 30 LUS wells. We were able to collaborate on TE and CFC sampling on 12 of these wells through an existing trace element coop study. We were able to quickly develop a 3-D MODFLOW and MODPATH GW models in the area `before' the LUS design because of the existing wells, water levels, water use, geologic info, and other digital data available from previous and ongoing coop groundwater-supply studies. The NJGS helped us drill these wells.
In the next year or so color IR DOQs for 1995-6 will be available for all of NJ. We have over 170 sites with surface-water-quality data, over 800 sites with benthic invertebrate data, over 300 sites with fish and bed sediment quality data, and over 1000 observation wells with extensive water-quality data. Furthermore, there are programs in planning stages to improve data collection for toxics and biology where important ancillary data are also being integrated into the efforts. It is all we can do some times just to keep up with all this information, fortunately, our liaison has helped tremendously with advice and guidance on what efforts might be most productive.
Monitoring Water-Resources Issues And Management Plans
We believe the NJ District and LI SubDistrict offices are very proactive with respect to the water resources issues and needs of the LINJ study area. District people serve on many technical advisory committees for State and local water resources issues. Furthermore, the liaison committee has been very effective in providing feedback on available data, the relative importance and direction of issues, and where to best utilize our NAWQA resources. We have secured significant data bases that we have analyzed for many constituents and that we are mining for other issues. We are collaborating with the NJ and LI data networks to share resources and to improve each others efforts. For instance, the USGS and NJDEP are in the talking stages for a re-design of the NJ COOP water-quality network. The new design basically emulates the NAWQA fixed/synoptic survey designs in a rotational, watershed-based NJ network and integrates sampling for toxics and biology.
We have been collaborating/communicating with at least three State/USGS coop studies in NJ. One study is defining water-quality characteristics of NJ streams, a second study is looking at processes controlling trace element geochemistry in the Coastal Plain surficial aquifer, and a third study is assessing groundwater supply potential of the Kirkwood-Cohansey aquifer in the urban comprehensive study area. There are other coop projects in the conceptual stages that will involve the sharing of data and ideas. Two of the new projects involve the documentation of either the quality (LI-which we wrote) or vulnerability (NJ-Vowinkel) of GW supplies and another relates to the potential for compiling data and modeling water quality (point/non-point) in the Raritan basin.
Several of our FY96-98 NAWQA efforts will directly benefit these cooperative networks and studies, for example, the occurrence and distribution of pesticides/VOCs in SW and GW, GW flow path modeling, and adding multiple lines of evidence including biology to their efforts. These NAWQA efforts largely could not have been afforded by State and local programs. We believe our efforts with the contaminant transport modeling, for instance, will demonstrate an effective tool for application in coop studies. The LI and NJ cooperators are very interested in these tools and analyses and are very supportive of the LINJ NAWQA efforts. The strong infrastructure and excellent databases that exist, coupled with the outstanding talent on the LINJ team, makes the LINJ SU ideally suited to advance our understanding of water-quality impacts/issues, especially in complex urban environments, to demonstrate the utility of various tools and, thereby, add to the effectiveness of the NAWQA paradigm in data rich areas.
Budget For The LINJ SU
The budget request for the LINJ SU is $1,821,933 for the core NAWQA study and another $530,000 for the UrbComp component of the study (see Art Baehr's workplan). The core funding covers an equivalent of 8 FTE full time and 1.5 FTE contract salaries and the UrbComp portion has another 2.2 FTE (see budget tables 1-5 and supplemental S1-S3). The NJ portion is $2,166,779 (account #4434-14000) and the LI portion is $185,154 (account #4436-30500). A table (S1) of team composition and salaries is also included.
Our request exceeds the $1.7M target as an individual SU, but we have a combination of things that make it so. For one, the LINJ locality pay is 8%, about 3-5% higher than most SUs. A 4% higher salary rate requires about $50K more in gross funding for our net salaries expenditure of $562K. Our high-graded and talented staff probably puts us at the high end for net salary costs. NJ also has a high burden (44% for FY 97 as opposed to 45% in FY 96) which, even though vehicles, training, and computer and some other equipment are covered in that surcharge, it still amounts to a greater than $60K higher budget request than for a 40% burden. The locality pay and overhead amount to over $100K more for the LINJ to do business. Moreover, there is an obvious and desired need for sampling toxic compounds in this intensely urban study area, therefore, we have a tremendous NWQL budget for FY97-- about $354,000 (excluding UrbComp). All the GW has already been sampled and expended. As of Jan 30 we have finished our SU VOC synoptic survey and the pesticide survey will follow in June. We have expended more for BFS than a usual BFS site because of the augmented VOC/PEST sampling. The 2 IFS plus the Raritan BFS augmented sampling for the remainder of the year will make up the bulk of the rest of the NWQL cost. All this is well within the scope of the team to deliver. In the final analysis, though, we hope that the talent and lab costs needed to carry out the type of work planned in the LINJ document are presented in such a way that it can be weighed in favor of a higher than average budget request.
Information related to NAWQA can be obtained from: