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Surficial Aquifer Studies

Data available at bottom of page

Web Mapper
Project Chief: Various Authors
Phone: 609-771-3900
Funding (years):  
Cooperator(s): NJ DEP
Coverage of Surficial Aquifer Study Map

Project Description

The series of surficial aquifer studies were completed to evaluate the unconfined aquifer system of the NJ Coastal Plain for use as a potential source of water. As the demand for water in the State increases and the restrictions continue on the use of water from certain confined aquifers, withdrawals on the unconfined aquifer system are expected to increase. Detailed study of the unconfined aquifer system provides a better understanding of the groundwater/surface water interaction within the basin and a basis for future water-resource management decisions.

Each surficial aquifer study compiles a wide range of hydrologic information on a major drainage basin or series of smaller drainage basins. Nine studies have been completed in the NJ Coastal Plain. The studies provide information on the land use, surficial geology, long-term water-level data, and hydraulic properties of the aquifer. A water-table map is produced from measurements from hundreds of wells and stream sites. Water-quality data for both groundwater and surface-water sites is assembled. Stream discharge data and various statistics on mean discharge and base flow are provided for the continuous-record streamflow-gaging stations. Low-flow correlations and flow durations curves are presented. Precipitation, evapotranspiration, population data, and water use data are complied. Finally, a water budget is calculated. The groundwater budgets developed by the Surficial Aquifer Studies became the conceptual model on which subsequent groundwater-flow models were based.

A comparison table of the ground-water budgets of all of the study areas is available to show the variations in parameters based on the location in the coastal plain. Individual budgets can be accessed below.

More Information

Project Proposal Summary

Surficial Aquifer Studies
Study Area Report title, Reports, Metadata (typically 0.07 to 0.11 MB), and Data (typically 0.8 to 2.1 MB)
Cape May

Hydrogeologic framework, availability of water supplies, and saltwater intrusion, Cape May County, New Jersey   (WRI 2001-4246) / Meta / Data

Maurice River

Hydrology of the unconfined aquifer system, Maurice River area: Maurice and Cohansey River Basins, New Jersey, 1994-95   (WRI 2001-4229) / Meta / Data

Great Egg Harbor River

Water resources of the unconfined aquifer system of the Great Egg Harbor River basin, New Jersey, 1989-90     (WRI 91-4126) / Meta / Data

Mullica River

Hydrology of the unconfined aquifer system, Mullica River Basin, New Jersey, 1991-92     (WRI 94-4234) / Meta / Data

Rancocas Creek

Hydrology of the unconfined aquifer system, Rancocas Creek area:  Rancocas, Crosswicks, Assunpink, Blacks, and Crafts Creek Basins, New Jersey, 1996    (WRI 2002-4280) / Meta / Data

Salem River

Hydrology of the unconfined aquifer system, Salem River area:  Salem River, Raccoon, Oldmans, Alloway, and Stow Creek Basins, New Jersey, 1993-94     (WRI 96-4195) / Meta / Data

Forked River Hydrology of the unconfined Kirkwood-Cohansey aquifer system, Forked River and Cedar, Oyster, Mill, Westecunk, and Tuckerton Creek Basins and adjacent basins in the southern Ocean County area, New Jersey, 1998-99     (WRI 2003-4337) / Meta / Data
Toms River

Hydrology of the unconfined aquifer system, Toms River, Metedeconk River, and Kettle Creek Basins, New Jersey, 1987-90     (WRI 93-4110) / Meta / Data

Upper Maurice River Hydrology of the unconfined aquifer system in the upper Maurice River Basin and adjacent areas in Gloucester County, New Jersey, 1986-87     (WRI 92-4128) / Meta / Data

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Page Last Modified: Monday, 18-Jul-2016 08:29:07 EDT

Upper Maurice Study Area Rancocas Study Area Toms River Study Area Mullica Study Area Forked River Study Area Great Egg Harbor Study Area Cape May Study Area Maurice Study Area Salem Study Area